• Starting the Nitrogen Cycle

    Starting the Nitrogen Cycle

    The nitrogen cycle starts when a source of ammonia is placed in the tank. Over the course of about a month, the ammonia concentration will rise, triggering the nitrifying bacteria to multiply. The ammonia concentration will reach a peak level and begin to drop when the bacteria have multiplied to sufficient numbers. This is a very dangerous time for any...

     
  • The Fishless Cycle

    The Fishless Cycle

    Fishless cycling is a way to get your tank’s water ready for fish without sacrificing an innocent fish to get the cycle going. To get your tank started, add a large initial dose of ammonia to the tank, enough to obtain a reading about 7 ppm. Then add 1/2 that amount every day until nitrites begin to show up. Once...

     
  • The Nitrogen Cycle

    The Nitrogen Cycle

    Fish, like all other living creatures, produce waste. We can simply flush our waste down the toilet, but fish, what do they do? If you want take good care of your fish, you first have to know a few things about what goes on with their water; in other words, you need to understand the nitrogen cycle. In short, the...

     
  • How to Set up Your Fish Tank

    How to Set up Your Fish Tank

    Preparing a new fish tank setup requires diligence and patience. Rinsing is the key, using tap water to ensure you will have the proper bacteria growing to protect your fish from ammonia poisoning. Following are instructions for each part of the tank and how to set it up: The Tank The first thing you need to do is rinse the...

     
  • Cichlids

    Cichlids

    Cichlids (pronounced ‘Sick-Lids’) are a family of fish from the Order Perciformes. They have a single ‘nostril’ on both sides of the head, a broken lateral line, and cycloid scales. Their anal fin and, in most cases, the dorsal fin contain spines. There are over 1,000 species of Cichlids. Cichlids are highly aggressive and territorial. In the wild, a male...

     
  • Fish Tank Maintenance

    Fish Tank Maintenance

    Now that you have your tank set up and your fish are doing well, you still have a job to do. We need a way to remove the buildup of nitrites and other excreted pollutants that can make your fish sick, and possibly kill them. In nature, water changes are performed on a regular basis when water from streams and...

     
  • Feeding Fish

    Feeding Fish

    Feeding your fish is a nebulous subject: How much is enough, how much is too much, when and how often? It is difficult to gauge because our fish cannot decisively communicate with us. For many years, breeders, professional fish keepers, and the commercial industry has been promoting a feeding schedule that results in active, full grown, healthy fish in most...

     
  • Your First Fish Tank

    Your First Fish Tank

    Before you go purchasing some fish, there are some things you will need to buy and do first. For your first trip to the store, you won’t be buying any fish. Feel free to look, but resist buying. The chance that they will die is great if they are put into a tank that has not been cycled properly. The...

     
  • Fish Tank Filters

    Fish Tank Filters

    There are so many filters on the market today that deciding which one is best for you can be mind boggling. The best filters will perform chemical, biological, and particulate filtration. Here are some short descriptions of the most popular filter systems: Power filters look like a black or clear box that hangs on the back of the tank. They draw...

     
  • Buying Healthy Fish

    Buying Healthy Fish

    Now that you have selected you tank, cycled it, and it is ready for fish, you need to go fish shopping! Browse through the assortment of fish and decide what kind of fish you would like to have. Once you find the fish you are looking for, observe the entire tank very carefully. The last thing you want to do...